According to CDC estimates, periodontal disease affects nearly half of Americans aged 30 years and older. Some of these people need periodontal surgery to stop the progression of their gum disease. Here are five surgical procedures often used to manage periodontal disease.
1. Bone Grafts
Grafts in the area of bone loss stimulate regrowth of the bone to restore stability to teeth. If you’re a candidate for this procedure, your oral surgeon in West Jordan will use bone grafts to replace damaged bone. The grafts can be fragments of your natural bone, donated bone, or synthetic bone.
2. Pocket Reduction Procedure
Pocket reduction surgery involves the folding back of the gum tissue to remove bacteria and smoothening irregular areas of damaged bone. This flap surgery helps to decrease the areas where infectious bacteria may hide.
The procedure is essential if a candidate has problems keeping the deep pocket area clean or gum tissue doesn’t fit well around the tooth.
3. Gum Grafts
Soft tissue grafts are essential if your gums are too thin or have receded. Your surgeon will stitch in place grafted tissue most likely from the roof of your mouth to cover exposed roots.
This procedure helps reduce sensitivity. It also protects roots from decay and helps stop further tissue recession and bone loss.
4. Bone Surgery
Bone loss can create shallow craters where bacteria may collect and breed. Bone surgery after flap surgery reshapes the bone around the tooth to smoothen and decrease these craters.
5. Guided Tissue Regeneration
This surgical procedure is usually in combination with pocket reduction surgery. You may be a candidate for the surgery if your periodontal disease has destroyed the bone that supports your teeth.
Your dentist will insert some fabric between the affected bone and gum tissue. The material will prevent gum tissue from growing into unwanted areas so bone and connective tissue may have space to regrow.
Sometimes, scaling and root planning may be inadequate to stop the progression of gum disease. Consequently, a patient may need surgery to repair infected tissue and avert further loss of bone. Your dentist can help you understand the surgical options available.